There’s more to consider beyond the “framework”
Selenium WebDriver, simply put, is a test automation library that drives the web browsers. To get the most out of Selenium to meet your test automation goals, you may have to integrate your Selenium framework with many other tools and potentially, other frameworks. Some questions that you’ll be asking, might include, should we write the test code in Java, C# or Python? Should we use Robot Framework or SpecFlow for ATDD/BDD? How would we implement WebDriver with existing test case management tools? The list goes on and on.
Maintainability is key
Test automation is a long journey. Creating a few dozen automated test cases is easy. Maintaining them overtime and scaling your test suite to hundreds or thousands of tests is not. The architecture of the test framework must be solid, meaning that a small UI change shouldn’t break the tests. The tests should also be well-designed, well-organized and the test code must be understandable for future releases. It’s a commonly acknowledged pain that maintainability remains the most challenging issue in test automation.
Keeping up with the rapid pace of change
The world of technology is changing at such a rate that it is hard to keep up. Apps are developed and deployed faster than ever. Web browser releases are run quarterly, and with each new version, it can introduce new security policies that might demolish your test framework. The constant stream of new mobile devices, with their bigger screens, and updated OS versions are introduced yearly. All of these factors require us to be able to adapt to the changing marketplace quickly and effectively.
Collaboration & reporting through the test framework
Your Selenium framework has more stakeholders than you might think. Domain experts on your team want automated tests to be business-readable. QA folks want to link automated tests with their TCM (test case management system). QA management wants beautiful dashboards and reports that summarize the regression run status and that also have the ability to drill down to the root of any failure. DevOps management wants test automation to be a part of CI/CD process. All of these requirements make for one very complex testing situation.