Glossary – September 2019

Alexa Voice Service (AVS): 

Amazon’s service offering for a voice controlled AI assistant. Offered in different products.

Source: https://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/Alexa-Voice-Services-AVS

Blockchain Infrastructure:

A complex, decentralized architecture that orchestrates many systems running asynchronously over the internet in order to create a secured database that records sensitive data of certain users into forms of transactions,

Source: https://blockgeeks.com/guides/what-is-blockchain-technology/

Chatbot:

An automated program that interacts with people using generated responses from keywords.

Source: https://searchcustomerexperience.techtarget.com/definition/chatbot

Conversational User Interface (CUI):

Any interface that can converse with people on a personal, social level.

Source: https://blog.aimultiple.com/conversational-ui/

DevOps:

A software development practice, grounded in agile philosophy that emphasizes close collaboration between an organization’s software developers and other IT professionals, while automating the process of software delivery and infrastructure changes. It aims at establishing a culture and organizational workflow in which building, testing, and releasing software happens rapidly, frequently, and more reliably.
Term derived from the words “Development” and “Operations”.

Source: https://www.logigear.com/magazine/glossary/software-testing-master-glossary/#letter-D  

Emotional Intelligence:

The capacity to be aware of, control, and express one’s emotions, and to handle interpersonal relationships judiciously and empathetically. “Emotional intelligence is the key to both personal and professional success”.

Source: https://www.logigear.com/magazine/glossary/software-testing-master-glossary/#letter-E

Human-Machine Interface (HMI):

A human machine interface (HMI) is the user interface that connects an operator to the controller for an industrial system.

Source: https://www.logigear.com/magazine/test-automation/hmi-a-testers-unique-entree-into-testing-the-software-car/

Intelligent Virtual Assistant (IVA):

An automated AI system that can perform human-like tasks, such as grocery shopping or scheduling appointments.

Source: https://www.interactions.com/blog/intelligent-virtual-assistant/rise-intelligent-virtual-assistants/

Lean:

Lean software development is a translation of lean manufacturing and lean IT principles and practices to the software development domain. Adapted from the Toyota production system, a pro-lean subculture is emerging from within the Agile community. When lean documentation is employed, it will result in reduced waste of time, money, and resources.

Source: https://www.logigear.com/magazine/glossary/software-testing-master-glossary/#letter-L

Natural Language Processing (NLP):

The ability for a computer to comprehend spoken or written word, enabling interaction between humans.

Source: https://www.sas.com/enus/insights/analytics/what-is-natural-language-processing-nlp.html

Natural Language Understanding (NLU):

A category of Natural Language Processing that deals with machine reading comprehension.

Source: https://www.gartner.com/it-glossary/nlu-natural-language-understanding/

Speech Recognition Engine (SRE):

The ability for a computer to recognize spoken word and translate it into code.

Source: https://www.softwaresuggest.com/speech-recognition-engine

Unit Testing:

Unit testing is a software development process in which the smallest testable parts of an application, called units, are individually and independently scrutinized for proper operation. Unit testing is often automated but it can also be done manually. This testing mode is a component of Extreme Programming (XP), a pragmatic method of software development that takes a meticulous approach to building a product by means of continual testing and revision.

Source: https://www.logigear.com/magazine/glossary/software-testing-master-glossary/#letter-U

Universal Windows Platform (UWP):

An API created by Microsoft and first introduced in Windows 10; the purpose of this platform is to help develop universal apps that run on Windows 10, Windows 10 Mobile, Xbox One, and HoloLens without the need to be re-written for each. UWP allows developers to create apps that will potentially run on multiple types of devices.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Universal_Windows_Platform

XPath:

Also referred to as XML Path Language, it’s a query language for selecting nodes from an XML document.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/XPath

LogiGear Corporation
LogiGear Corporation provides global solutions for software testing, and offers public and corporate software testing training programs worldwide through LogiGear University. LogiGear is a leader in the integration of test automation, offshore resources and US project management for fast, cost-effective results. Since 1994, LogiGear has worked with Fortune 500 companies to early-stage start-ups in, creating unique solutions to meet their clients’ needs. With facilities in the US and Viet Nam, LogiGear helps companies double their test coverage and improve software quality while reducing testing time and cutting costs.

The Related Post

A list of terms that are either found in the articles of the December 2015 edition, or are related to concepts relevant to those articles.
Lean Defining Lean Software Development is challenging because there is no specific Lean Software Development method or process. Lean is not an equivalent of Personal Software Process, V-Model, Spiral Model, EVO, Feature-Driven Development, Extreme Programming, Scrum, or Test-Driven Development. A software development lifecycle process or a project management process could be said to be “lean” ...
Mobility While mobile usually refers to mobile device, mobile apps, mobile platform. Mobility is a term describing not only the device but access for employees accessing corporate data from any location, cloud storage and cloud API services, mobile context awareness, integration with a variety of Internet of Things devices. It’s access to the data, products, and ...
Teaching: A formal process of bringing about awareness, conferring knowledge and instilling skills. Teaching focuses on knowledge. Training: Prepares an individual or group to execute a skill. The focus of training is skill development.
Cloud Computing: Cloud computing is a concept used to describe a variety of computing concepts that involve a large number of computers connected through a real-time communication network such as the Internet. In science, cloud computing is a synonym for distributed computing over a network, and means the ability to run a program or application on many connected computers at the ...
Artificial Intelligence is here. AI is already being used in development, testing, tool development, and products. Its use will undoubtedly grow and become more pervasive. At LogiGear Magazine we regularly include a glossary of terms on the issue topic. In this issue, the glossary is unique. If you are just beginning to learn about AI ...
A list of terms that you'd easily encounter on your way to experience Software Testing, Software Development, and other IT concepts.
ACID Properties In computer science, ACID (atomicity, consistency, isolation, durability) is a set of properties of database transactions intended to guarantee data validity despite errors, power failures, and other mishaps. In the context of databases, a sequence of database operations that satisfies the ACID properties (which can be perceived as a single logical operation on ...
Behavior Driven Development (BDD) A software development methodology in which an application is specified and designed by describing how its behavior should appear to an outside observer. BDD combines the general techniques and principles of test-driven development (TDD) with ideas from domain-driven design and object-oriented analysis and design to provide software development and management teams ...
Code Current The ability to install, implement, and successfully get the latest version of software to work. Source: LogiGear Continuous Delivery The ability to get changes of all types—including new features, configuration changes, bug fixes and experiments—into production, or into the hands of users, safely and quickly in a sustainable way. Source: Continuous Delivery DevOps ...
Some Mobile Device Input Methods Swipe/Swype: An action taken on a device’s screen that involves translational movement of touch points. A swipe recognizer makes an instantaneous decision as to whether the user’s touches moved linearly in the required direction.
Virtualization: Virtualization (or virtualisation) is the simulation of the software and/or hardware upon which other software runs. This simulated environment is called a virtual machine . There are many forms of virtualization, distinguished primarily by computing architecture layer. Virtualized components may include hardware platforms, operating systems (OS), storage devices, network devices or other resources.

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