Glossary: Software Testing Landscape

Virtualization: Virtualization (or virtualisation) is the simulation of the software and/or hardware upon which other software runs. This simulated environment is called a virtual machine . There are many forms of virtualization, distinguished primarily by computing architecture layer. Virtualized components may include hardware platforms, operating systems (OS), storage devices, network devices or other resources.

Big Data: A collection of data sets so large and complex that it becomes difficult to process using on-hand database management tools or traditional data processing applications. The challenges include capture, curation, storage, search, sharing, analysis, and visualization.

ALM: A continuous process of managing the life of an application through governance, development and maintenance. ALM is the marriage of business management to software engineering made possible by tools that facilitate and integrate requirements management, architecture, coding, testing, tracking, and release management.

Agile: Characterized by quickness, lightness, and ease of movement; nimble. Not necessarily characterized by fast speed.

Agile software development is a software development practice based on iterative and incremental development where requirements and solutions evolve through collaboration between self-organizing, cross-functional teams. It promotes adaptive planning, evolutionary development and delivery, a time-boxed iterative approach, and encourages rapid and flexible response to change.

Kanban: Kanban is a method for developing software products & processes with an emphasis on just-in-time delivery while not overloading the software developers. It emphasizes that developers pull work from a queue, and the process, from definition of a task to its delivery to the customer, is displayed for participants to see.,

Offshoring/GSD/DSD: Global Software Development (GSD) is “software work undertaken at geographically separated locations across national boundaries in a coordinated fashion involving real time (synchronous) and asynchronous interaction”.

Distributed development is a software development model in which IT teams spread across geographical lines collaborate on applications or various software. These teams are often separated by mini-projects that are brought together for a final software buildout.

Distributed development is a familiar IT approach, but source code control and other issues of the recent past make it less than ideal. However, modern and advanced Web-based tools and collaborative techniques allow teams to work effectively in a distributed fashion.

Cloud computing: The use of computing resources (hardware and software) that are delivered as a service over a network (typically the Internet). The name comes from the use of a cloud-shaped symbol as an abstraction for the complex infrastructure it contains in system diagrams. Cloud computing entrusts remote services with a user’s data, software and computation.

Testing in the Cloud: Cloud Testing uses cloud infrastructure for software testing. Organizations pursuing testing in general, load, performance testing, and production service monitoring in particular are challenged by several problems like limited test budget, meeting deadlines. High costs per test, large number of test cases, and little or no reuse of tests and geographical distribution of users add to the challenges.

Testing cloud apps: Cloud testing is often seen as only performance or load tests, however, as discussed earlier it covers many other types of testing. Cloud computing itself is often referred to as the marriage of software as a service (SaaS) and utility computing. In regard to test execution, the software offered as a service may be a transaction generator and the cloud provider’s infrastructure software, or may just be the latter. Distributed Systems and Parallel Systems mainly use this approach for testing, because of their inherent complex nature. D-Cloud is an example of such a software testing environment.

SaaS: Sometimes referred to as “on-demand software”, is a software delivery model in which software and associated data are centrally hosted on the cloud. SaaS is typically accessed by users using a thin client via a web browser.

Sources: Wikipedia, Techopedia

LogiGear Corporation
LogiGear Corporation provides global solutions for software testing, and offers public and corporate software testing training programs worldwide through LogiGear University. LogiGear is a leader in the integration of test automation, offshore resources and US project management for fast, cost-effective results. Since 1994, LogiGear has worked with Fortune 500 companies to early-stage start-ups in, creating unique solutions to meet their clients’ needs. With facilities in the US and Viet Nam, LogiGear helps companies double their test coverage and improve software quality while reducing testing time and cutting costs.

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Check out the glossary for definitions on testing essentials, and DevOps related terms. Action Based Testing (ABT) A modular-design and action-driven test method that provides a systematic approach to increase the success of automated testing. Modular-design addresses the challenges of test planning and test case management through efficient test organization. Action-driven test development eliminates the ...
Code Current The ability to install, implement, and successfully get the latest version of software to work. Source: LogiGear Continuous Delivery The ability to get changes of all types—including new features, configuration changes, bug fixes and experiments—into production, or into the hands of users, safely and quickly in a sustainable way. Source: Continuous Delivery DevOps ...
Cloud Computing: Cloud computing is a concept used to describe a variety of computing concepts that involve a large number of computers connected through a real-time communication network such as the Internet. In science, cloud computing is a synonym for distributed computing over a network, and means the ability to run a program or application on many connected computers at the ...
A list of terms that are either found in the articles of the December 2015 edition, or are related to concepts relevant to those articles.
Teaching: A formal process of bringing about awareness, conferring knowledge and instilling skills. Teaching focuses on knowledge. Training: Prepares an individual or group to execute a skill. The focus of training is skill development.
Behavior Driven Development (BDD) A software development methodology in which an application is specified and designed by describing how its behavior should appear to an outside observer. BDD combines the general techniques and principles of test-driven development (TDD) with ideas from domain-driven design and object-oriented analysis and design to provide software development and management teams ...
Scrum Board A Scrum Board is a tool that helps Teams make Sprint Backlog items visible. The board can take many physical and virtual forms but it performs the same function regardless of how it looks. The board is updated by the Team and shows all items that need to be completed for the current ...
Ultra-large-scale system An ultra-large-scale systems (ULSS) is one which has the characteristics of: operationally independent sub-systems; managerially independent components and sub-systems; evolutionary development; emergent behavior; and geographic distribution.
Continuous Integration/Continuous Delivery (CI/CD) Continuous integration and continuous deployment merge development with testing, allowing developers to build code collaboratively, submit it to the master branch, and check for issues. Source Digital Modernization Digital modernization is the adoption of new technology. It involves upgrading systems, platforms and software to meet today’s modern needs. Source Digital Transformation ...
Some Mobile Device Input Methods Swipe/Swype: An action taken on a device’s screen that involves translational movement of touch points. A swipe recognizer makes an instantaneous decision as to whether the user’s touches moved linearly in the required direction.
Agile Characterized by quickness, lightness, and ease of movement; nimble. Not necessarily characterized by fast speed. Agile software development is a software development practice based on iterative and incremental development where requirements and solutions evolve through collaboration between self-organizing, cross-functional teams. It promotes adaptive planning, evolutionary development and delivery, a time-boxed iterative approach, and encourages ...
Extreme Programming (XP) XP is a software development methodology which is intended to improve software quality and responsiveness to changing customer cycles. A type of Agile software development, it advocates frequent “releases” in short development cycles, which is intended to improve productivity and introduce checkpoints at which new customer requirements can be adopted. Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extreme_programming ...

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